The California Ocean Alliance works together with research partners around the world on cutting-edge and multi-disciplinary marine mammal research to promote and inform conservation, management, and education. We conduct and support research on a variety of species and ecosystems to understand how human activities impact the health and survival of marine mammals. The information gleaned from our various research programs feed directly into the creation of management and conservation actions and also is utilized to create unique and progressive educational programs.
Urgent International Call for Action to Reduce Human Noise in the Ocean
The growing scientific and societal concern about the effects of underwater sound on marine ecosystems has been recently recognized through the introduction of several international initiatives aiming at measuring the environmental impact of ocean noise at large spatial and temporal scales.
COA’s Brandon Southall is on the Scientific Committee for OCEANOISE. OCEANOISE brings together international leading experts in noise measurement, modeling and mapping, physiological and behavioral effects as well as regulation and mitigation procedures. The conference was held in May in Spain.
Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain
As representatives of diverse sectors and organisations committed to the well-being of our planet’s marine ecosystems, we call today upon governments around the world to address a matter of high environmental importance for marine ecosystems.
From 22-26 May 2023, international experts, including regulators, industry representatives, researchers, and NGOs, convened in Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain. This gathering marked the third edition of the respected international conference OCEANOISE, where thought leaders from around the world shared their latest findings on the effects of human-generated sounds on marine life.
The data presented during the conference shed light on the effects of anthropogenic noise throughout the entire marine food web, encompassing aquatic plants, plankton, invertebrates, fishes, and marine mammals. These findings provide compelling evidence that in conjunction with many other pressures, human-generated noise poses a substantial threat to marine ecosystems and biodiversity. Furthermore, noise pollution is intensifying alongside the growing volume of global shipping activities and the rapid development of riverine, coastal, and offshore energy infrastructures.
In light of this evidence, OCEANOISE intreats governments around the world to act swiftly and decisively to mitigate the escalating burden of human noise in our oceans. We cannot afford to wait until the delicate equilibrium of our marine environments is damaged. The time for action is now.
Technological solutions are available to start tackling this planetary emergency head-on. Through the deployment of advanced acoustic technologies and innovative strategies, we can effectively work towards improving the acoustic balance of our oceans. By doing so, we fulfill humankind’s obligation to give back to the ocean, a vital entity upon which our shared future depends.
To facilitate this urgent global effort, we respectfully call upon governments to take the following actions:
1. Foster International Collaboration: Initiate and support collaborative platforms enabling public administrations, industry leaders, scientific communities, and NGOs to unite their expertise, resources, and perspectives in developing effective noise reduction strategies.
2. Enforce existing or Establish needed Regulatory Frameworks: Enact and strengthen legislation that addresses noise pollution in maritime sectors, setting clear guidelines, standards, and enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance and accountability.
3. Invest in Research and Innovation: Allocate substantial funding and resources to advance research into impacts of anthropogenic noise and the development and implementation of cutting-edge technologies that minimise noise emissions from shipping, wind farms, oil and gas exploration, and other human activities in marine environments.
4. Raise Public Awareness: Launch comprehensive educational campaigns to enhance public understanding of the detrimental consequences of human noise on marine life and the urgent need for collective action. Encourage responsible behaviors and sustainable practices among individuals, communities, and industries.
5. Support Sustainable Practices: Promote and incentivize sustainable practices, such as alternative shipping routes, noise-reducing vessel designs, and the use of low-noise technologies in energy infrastructures, to minimize the impact on marine ecosystems.
We eagerly await a swift and determined response to this call for action. The world is watching, and the time to act is now. Let us leave a legacy of responsible stewardship and be the catalysts for positive change that our planet so desperately needs.
OCEANOISE Conference Series Science Advisory Committee
Rapid Response: Assessing the Impacts of COVID19 on Whales in Monterey Bay
As we all manage the effects and restrictions of the COVID19 pandemic, there is a unique opportunity to better understand how changes in human activity affect marine mammals. One of the consequences of our current situation is less boat traffic and human activity in Monterey Bay. It is well known that boats and shipping traffic add sound to the marine environment and that increased sound can affect whale communication, foraging, social systems, reproductive rates, and even population growth. COA researchers along with colleagues from MBARI, UCSC, Stanford, and The Marine Mammal Center, are working together to better understand the impact that reduced sound during the COVID19 pandemic is having on humpback whales by measuring levels of stress hormones found in blubber. Through chemical analysis of blubber samples we can link stress hormone levels to both ambient sound levels recorded by the MARS hydrophone array and ship traffic through analysis of AIS data. We are currently in the process of collecting blubber samples and recordings of noise levels in Monterey Bay and will compare these with samples and recordings made next year at the same time to see how whales respond to changes in ship noise and traffic. We are seeking support to help fund this research and the analysis of samples so that we can better conserve and protect marine mammals in Monterey Bay.
Preventing Ship Strikes and Whale Entanglement
COA has been partnering with Cascadia Research Collective to conduct research to better understand the causes and potential solutions to the mortality of large whales due to ship strikes and entanglements.
Behavioral Responses of Marine Mammals to Sound
An important and timely question in marine mammal research with direct conservation implications is how human sounds in the ocean can affect these sound-centric species. We know that they use and rely on sounds in the ocean for virtually every important aspect of their lives, from reproduction to foraging, navigation, and avoiding predators. Through research collaborations and research projects around the world, most recently in California, we have developed and applied new high-resolution technologies and controlled experimental methods to measure how marine mammals behave normally and how they may respond to underwater sounds.
Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Mammals
As the Antarctic Peninsula warms faster than any other region on the planet, understanding how these changes affect the structure and function of the Antarctic marine ecosystem is a paramount question. In order to understand the effects of these changes on Antarctic marine mammals, we have developed a long-term project that will allow us to measure the behavior of individual animals living in the Antarctic and determine how changes in sea ice affect the behavior of different species.
Soundscape Monitoring in Monterey Bay
Because of the critical importance of sound in the natural history of marine mammals and in fact most marine life, baseline acoustic monitoring of marine environments provides an acoustic window into their world. By listening we can learn about the natural ambient noise conditions of the ocean, how animals contribute to this, and how people are influencing the underwater soundscape. COA is dedicated to work in partnership with other research organizations to help monitor ocean noise in several areas around the world, including right here in Monterey Bay, to better understand basic biology and how it may be affected by changing environmental conditions and human disturbance.